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Attacking and Defending Azure AD by
Nikhil Mittal

Date: April 13 & 14 2023
On-Site (In Person)
2 Day

Training Abstract

More than 95 percent of Fortune 500 use Azure today! A huge number of organizations now use Azure AD as an Identity and Access Management platform using the hybrid cloud model. This makes it imperative to understand the risks associated with Azure AD as not only the Windows infrastructure and apps use it but also identities of users across an enterprise are authenticated using it.

In addition to cloud-only identity, the ability to connect on-prem Active Directory, applications and infrastructure to Azure AD brings some very interesting opportunities and risks too. Often complex to understand, this setup of components, infrastructure and identity is a security challenge.

This hands-on training aims towards abusing Azure AD and a number of services offered by it. We will cover multiple complex attack lifecycles against a lab containing multiple live Azure tenants.

All the phases of Azure red teaming and pentesting – Recon, Initial access, Enumeration, Privilege Escalation, Lateral Movement, Persistence and Data mining are covered. We will also discuss detecting and monitoring for the techniques we use.

The course is a mixture of fun, demos, exercises, hands-on and lecture. The training focuses more on methodology and techniques than tools.

If you are a security professional trying to improve your skills in Azure AD cloud security, Azure Pentesting or Red teaming the Azure cloud this is the right class for you!


Module 1

  • Introduction to Azure

  • Discovery and Recon of services and applications

  • Enumeration

  • Initial Access Attacks (Enterprise Apps, App Services, Logical Apps, Function Apps, Unsecured Storage, Phishing, Consent Grant Attacks)


Module 2

  • Authenticated Enumeration (Storage Accounts, Key vaults, Blobs, Automation Accounts, Deployment Templates etc.)

  • Privilege Escalation (RBAC roles, Azure AD Roles, Across subscriptions)


Module 3

  • Lateral Movement (Pass-the-PRT, Pass-the-Certificate, Across Tenant, cloud to on-prem, on-prem to cloud)

  • Persistence techniques


Module 4

  • Data Mining

  • Defenses, Monitoring and Auditing (CAP, PIM, Security Center, JIT, Risk policies, Azure Defender, Azure Sentinel)

  • Bypassing Defenses

Who Should Attend

Red teamers and penetration testers who want to improve on their Azure AD  attack skills should take this class. Blue teamers, Azure AD administrators and security professionals who want to understand the approach and techniques of adversaries should take this class.

Student Requirements

  • Basic understanding of Azure AD is desired but not mandatory.

What students should bring

  • System with 4 GB RAM and ability to install OpenVPN client and RDP to Windows boxes.

  • Privileges to disable/change any antivirus or firewall.

What students will be provided with

  • Attendees will get free one month access to a lab configured like an Enterprise azure, during and after the training.


Trainer Bio

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Nikhil Mittal, Founder and Director at Altered Security

Nikhil Mittal is a hacker, infosec researcher, speaker and enthusiast. His area of interest includes red teaming, Azure security, Active Directory security, attack research, defense strategies and post exploitation research. He has 14+ years of experience in red teaming.
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